Making a buzz at Kwantlen Polytechnic University
A new program at Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU) is about to create quite a buzz.
The university will introduce B.C.’s first commercial beekeeping program in January, and by November 2016 its graduates will have the skills to work in, manage and grow existing beekeeping operations or establish and grow their own diversified cottage beekeeping business of up to 300 hives.
“There is a bee shortage in B.C.,” says Jim Pelton, executive director of Continuing and Professional Studies at KPU.
“Our aim is to bolster B.C.’s beekeeping industry by providing the training that will allow our students to meet the province’s growing pollination demands.”
The program couldn’t be timelier. Pollination-dependent crops comprise an increasing portion of the B.C. agricultural landscape, with honeybee pollination already responsible for more than $200 million per year in agricultural production.
Based on three hives per acre, the province’s 20,000 acres of blueberry farms alone require 60,000 bee colonies for pollination. With only 45,000 commercial bee colonies in B.C., these farms import colonies from Alberta to meet demand.
The 16 initial graduates of KPU’s program could increase B.C.’s honey production by $250,000 per year while supporting more than $6 million in agricultural production, even if they just worked part-time managing small 50-colony operations.
And those figures would gradually expand, notes Pelton, as KPU’s beekeeping program is forecast to grow from 16 students per year in each of its first three years, to 24 students per year after that.
“Our graduates will have the skills to work in, manage and grow existing beekeeping operations or establish and grow their own diversified cottage beekeeping business that could include pollination, honey and apitherapy,” says Pelton.
Funding of $350,000 for the beekeeping program was provided by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the B.C. Ministry of Agriculture through programs delivered by the Investment Agriculture Foundation of B.C.
“Increasing the educational opportunities available to beekeepers will boost the efficiency of the bee industry,” says Cathy McLeod, Member of Parliament for Kamloops-Thompson-Cariboo.
“A healthy bee population is integral to a successful harvest, a prosperous agriculture industry and a strong economy.”
“Honeybees play a critical role in British Columbia agriculture as pollinators of crops and contributing an estimated $275 million to our provincial economy,” says B.C. Agriculture Minister Norm Letnick.
“Congratulations to KPU on offering this important program and training B.C.’s next generation of beekeepers.”
- Honeybees play a critical role in the production of many crops, representing a value of over $14 billion per year for Canada and the U.S.
- Bee health is influenced by weather; pests and diseases; and the effects of management tools and practices across agricultural sectors.
- Approximately one-third of annual global food production is derived from crops which benefit from pollinators, much of which is accomplished by honeybees.
- Up to 80 per cent of the world’s major crop species benefit from insect pollination, including the production of bee-pollinated seed crops used to produce forage for animals that supply us with meat and dairy products.
- Some fruits do not develop without pollination from honeybees. Other fruits may develop but will be of poorer quality and in smaller amounts.
- Honeybees produce honey, pollen, propolis, royal jelly and beeswax, all of which are used by people for nutrition, to bolster the immune system, to treat ailments, in skin care and general healing.
- Propolis has natural anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Humans use it to treat skin conditions, while bees use it to seal small unwanted openings in their hive.
- Queen bees normally live between one and four years; they consume royal jelly provided by worker bees. Without a queen bee, a colony will die.
- Bees do not hibernate but cluster for warmth and remain active all winter.
- Apitherapy refers to the medicinal use of honeybee products.